Read Kirkpinar Concepts Part
and Rhythm in Kirkpinar: Drum and Horn
The drum and horn color the wrestling in Kirkpinar and
they control the wrestling near the field referee.
Drum and Horn
The permission of the drum and horn is given to the
specified groups via open bidding. Accompanied by the
drums and horns, the wrestlers are being called to “Tutus”
and both the wrestlers and the audience are cheered up by
the wrestling songs. During the wrestling, drums and horns
play without stopping.
beat and the rhythm is an ever changing and endless
movement which start with the heart beats from the
beginning of the human life and people feel in various
shapes and tones during their lifespan. As the flow of the
life accelerates, the heartbeats also accelerate. As the
flow of the life slows down, the heartbeats slow down.
When we get excited, the first thing we feel that the
In every time
of the lifespan, the beat and the rhythm which are the
uniform of the small pieces of the beat make themselves to
be felt. In sports, the beat flowing from spectator to the
player and constantly changing, changes itself into the
rhythms which can not be described. But, this excitement
occurring in the world wrestling makes itself to be felt all
the time and the wrestling with music is the custom of
Kirkpinar greased wrestling.
During Kirkpinar Greased Wrestling, 20 drums and 20 horns
continue without stopping and the drum is the instrument
which, as if, would control the heartbeats of the wrestlers.
The most remarkable feature of the wrestling music is that
the drum has a steady rhythm while the melodies which are
played by the horn are various. This shows that the songs of
the wrestles are named according to the melodies used. The
other supporting idea is that the wrestling rhythm is called
“gures havasi” and “Ceng-i Harbi”, a melody played at the
end of each wrestling, is kept different from the songs of
In the songs of the wrestling, the main element is the
rhythm. The melody changes into a show as proportional to
the freshness of the wrestling. In the songs of the
wrestling there are two main measures: the song of the
wrestling (12/4) and ceng-I harbi (24/8).
Osman Bider, the oldest wrestling musician in
Edirne and whose master was Osman Zurna, says,
there are 3 types of the wrestling songs: Balkan,
Dagli and Divan. The other wrestling musicians add
a new melody named “muhacir” to these. “Dagli” and
“muhacir” may be thought to be the songs which are
related to the roots of the wrestling musicians
and their family identities.
Cengi-i Harbi way varies 10 and 12 timely apart
from 16 timely. Cengi-i Harbi is played at the end
of the wrestling songs. The other time when it is
played is when the attacks of the wrestlers become
wrestling is slow at the beginning and one or more couple
wrestlers wrestle at the same time, the audience can
sometimes miss the other wrestling. The audience is
attracted to a wrestle getting hot via music. The sudden
change in the way and getting hot make the audience feel
more excited. What makes this excitement is playing rapidly
Ceng-i harbi. We can not think Turkish Greased Wrestling
without horn and drum. In fact it is often witnessed that
the wrestlers stop the wrestling when the music is stopped.
Ultimate Aim of the Wrestlers: Gold Belt
The greatest reward of Kirkpinar greased wrestling is
The Gold Belt which is the ultimate aim of the
The gold belt
is 22 tuning gold and 1 kg 400 gr weighted. Because the
delicate workmanship is required, the workmanship costs as
the gold itself.
The beginning from Turkish Republic, the wrestling champion
who has been champion 3 times one after another gets the
“GOLD BELT” as a reward. Huseyin Alkaya from Tekirdag is the
first winner of the Gold Belt in the period of Republic. The
other champions with the Gold Belt are: Mustafa Buk from
Ordu (1966-1968), Aydin Demir from Karamursel (1976-1978),
Huseyin Colak from Denizli (1982-1984), Ahmet Tasci from
Karamursel (1990-1992 and 1995-1997).
The Call to Kirkpinar: The Red Candle
The red candle is sent to the wrestlers and the guests
invited by the agha before the wrestling contest. It is
sine qua non of Kirkpinar.
The Red Candle
people charged as the agha of Kirkpinar announces when the
wrestling will be done and when the fair will open by
sending the red candles to the villages, the towns, the
cities from the beginning of March.
The red candles are hanged on the higher places of the
traditional cafés in the villages and towns so that everyone
knows they are invited to Kirkpinar. Before the custom of
the red candle, the heralds called “Okuyucu” would send to
every towns, villages and cities and those unlettered
heralds would read the texts which they learned by heart to
communication age, there is of course no need for the
heralds’ announcing the invitation of agha by traveling
between villages, towns and cities. But in order to make
this custom survive, “red candle” custom should last and the
agha should send these candles to his invitees.
The red candle is the common white candle which is painted
red at the bottom of the candle.